audemus jura nostra defenere
On January 11, 1861 Alabama declared its succession from the Union and joined the Confederate State of America. While few battles were fought in the state, Alabama contributed about 120,000 soldiers to the American Civil War. Alabama soldiers fought in hundreds of battles including Gettysburg where 1,750 were either killed, captured or wounded. In all approximately 35,000 Alabama soldiers died int eh Civil War as well as 30,000 who were seriously disabled.

Pvt. James D. Leamon

By George Reece

James D. Leamon (Leemon), a Yadkin Co. resident was born in 1828. He enlisted at age 35 on 21 Oct 1862. He was killed at Gettysburg, PA, on 1 Jul 1863. James is buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Raleigh, NC.

His body was returned to NC in the 1920s and reburied. He married first on 21 Oct 1852 Winney Norman; he then married Sarah Choplin on 4 Apr 1861. (Curtis D. Choplin, “An American Tragedy: The Robert Choplin Family”).

Jesse Choplin

by George Reece

jessieJesse Choplin was born 28 Oct 1844. Jessie served in Co. H, 63rd Reg. (5th Cavalry) NC.

He was captured on 22 Sep 1863 at Madison Court House, VA, and confined at Point Lookout, MD where died 17 April 1864 of dysentery. He was buried in the Confederate Cemetery there (NCT, II, p. 431; Curtis D. Choplin, “An American Tragedy.”)

The Choplins were from Franklin Co., and their parents, Robert and Ann Winston Choplin, moved to Yadkin Co. about 1840.

Dr. George Felix “Doc” Manning

By Tom Todd

Doc ManningGeorge Felix “Doc” Manning, the son of Payton T. and Virginia Manning, was born October 27, 1837, in Mobile, Alabama. He graduated from the medical department of the University of Alabama. He then went to Paris, France, for further medical studies. At the outset of the Civil War he returned and, with his three brothers, joined the Confederate Army as an artillery lieutenant under General Joe Wheeler. He and his three brothers vowed they would not shave until the south was victorious. They kept their vow and died with their beards.

After the war the brothers joined other Confederates in exile in Mexico. Later they returned to Alabama, and Doc, with his brothers James and Frank, eventually settled near Belton, Texas, where he married Sarah Ellen Alexander. He started a medical practice in Giddings, Texas. Doc was a scrappy little fellow and became involved in a knife fight with a fellow doctor; both were severally injured but survived. By 1880, Doc and his brothers had settled in El Paso, Texas, where the brothers entered into the saloon and related businesses.


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A feud developed between the brothers and El Paso City Marshal Dallas Stoudemire who suspected the family of instigating several assassination plots against him. Stoudemire was appointed a deputy US Marshal and on September 18, 1882, Doc and Stoudemire became involved in a gunfight in one of the local saloons. Doc shot Stoudemire in the left arm and in turn, got shot in his gun arm. Doc engaged the marshal in a wrestling match in an attempt to save his own life. Doc’s brother James entered the saloon and seeing that Stoudemire still had his gun, shot him behind the left ear. Both Mannings were acquitted of murder. Doc then moved to Flagstaff, Arizona, and became a respected physician despite the fact that his right arm was virtually useless as a result of the gunfight.

He died in Flagstaff on March 9, 1825 from influenza. His wife survived him until January 27, 1942. They are buried next to each other in a family plot in the Citizens Cemetery in Flagstaff. Several family members are buried here, including George Felix Manning, Jr.

Lemuel P. “Cruse” Bonds

By Danella Dickson

Lemuel P. “Cruse” Bonds was born September 5, 1828, possibly in Lawrence County, Alabama. He was the son of Wright W. and Priscilla Eley Bonds. The family moved from Alabama to Tishomingo County, Mississippi about 1837. Lemuel married Sarah Frances Scruggs on August 28, 1849 and they were the parents of nine children.

On March 1, 1863, at Warren Mills, Mississippi, Lemuel P. Bonds enlisted as a First Sergeant in Company D, Moreland’s Alabama Cavalry. The regiment was attached to Johnson’s and Roddey’s Brigades and saw service in North Alabama and Tennessee during the winter and spring of 1863-1864. The regiment later moved to Mississippi and took part in battles at Brice’s Crossroads (June 10, 1864) and against Wilson’s Raid (March 22-24 1865). They were surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana at Citronelle, Alabama on May 4, 1865.

Lemuel lived the remainder of his life in Tishomingo County, Mississippi where he farmed. According to family records Sarah died about 1887, probably she is buried in the Bonds Cemetery. On September 4, 1902 Lemuel applied for a Confederate pension from the State of Mississippi. On the application he stated he enlisted in the fall of 1862 in the 7th Alabama Cavalry and served about 2 ½ years, that he was never absent and surrendered at Iuka, Mississippi. He stated he was the father of seven living children, two sons and five daughters, and was living with one of the daughters. The pension was approved and he drew it until his death on June 5, 1909.

According to family historian R. Biggs, Lemuel was converted at a campground in 1855 by minister H.D. Howell. Later in life a church was built near his home called Bethel where he placed his membership. An obituary published in the June 10, 1909 issue of the Vidette Newspaper, Iuka, Mississippi relates the following, “Mr. L.P. Bonds, Supervisor of the 1st District and one of the best known men in this section, died at his home seven miles north of Iuka on Saturday, June 5th, ages over 80 years. The genial Christian gentleman, whose kindly face and friendly smile greeted all he met, has passed to rest after a long and useful life. In life he had many friends because he was gentle, true, and loyal. The Vidette tenders sympathy to the bereaved family and friends. His son James, from Gibson County, Tennessee, reached home a few hours after his father passed away. The burial took place Sunday afternoon at the family burying ground, near the home of the deceased, under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity.”

Lemuel P. Bonds was buried in the Bonds Cemetery, Tishomingo County, Mississippi. In 2010 his was the only marked grave in the cemetery.

Courtesy of J.B. and Ramona Roberts

Pvt. Joseph Calvert

by Matthew Aparicio
Joseph Calvert was born in 1824 in Walker County, Alabama. He married Mary Elizabeth Crawford(1838-1914). Together they had three children.

Pvt. Calvert enlisted in the Confederacy on 14 May 1862 at Oak Field, Alabama. Pvt. Calvert was to serve the duration of the war and served with the 29th Reg’t, Alabama Infantry.

Joseph died in 1869 In Angelina County, Texas and is buried in the Gann Cemetery in Lufkin, Texas.