Arizona


Ditas deus
Arizona was part of the New Mexico Territory during the Civil War that included what is now New Mexico and Arizona. The Confederate Arizona Territory split from the New Mexico Territory in 1861. Captain Sherod Hunter at the head of the Confederate Arizona Rangers, occupied Southern Arizona during the spring of 1862. In April 1862, the westernmost skirmish of the Civil War took place near Stanwix Station near Tucson.

Arizona Territory Ordinance of Secession

Adopted March 16, 1861, Mesilla

March 28, 1861, Tucson

People of Arizona in Convention

Mesilla & Tucson, Arizona Territory

WHEREAS, a sectional party of the North has disregarded the Constitution of the United States, violated the rights of the Southern States, and heaped wrongs and indignities upon their people; and WHEREAS, the Government of the United States has heretofore failed to give us adequate protection against the savages within our midst and has denied us an administration of the laws, and that security for life, liberty, and property which is due from all governments to the people; and WHEREAS, it is an inherent, inalienable right in all people to modify, alter, or abolish their form of government whenever it fails in the legitimate objects of its institution, or when it is subversive thereof; and WHEREAS, in a government of federated, sovereign States, each State has a right to withdraw from the confederacy whenever the treaty by which the league is formed, is broken; and WHEREAS, the Territories belonging to said league in common should be divided when the league is broken, and should be attached to the separating States according to their geographical position and political identity; and WHEREAS, Arizona naturally belongs to the Confederate States of America (who have rightfully and lawfully withdrawn from said league), both geographically and politically, by ties of a common interest and a common cause; and WHEREAS we, the citizens of that part of New Mexico called Arizona, in the present distracted state of political affairs between the North and the South, deem it our duty as citizens of the United States to make known our opinions and intentions; therefore be it…

RESOLVED, That our feelings and interests are with the Southern States , and that although we deplore the division of the Union, yet we cordially indorse the course pursued by the seceded Southern States.

RESOLVED, That geographically and naturally we are bound to the South, and to her we look for protection; and as the Southern States have formed a Confederacy, it is our earnest desire to be attached to that Confederacy as a Territory.

RESOLVED, That we do not desire to be attached as a Territory to any State seceding separately from the Union, but to and under the protection of a Confederacy of the Southern States.

RESOLVED, That the recent enactment of the Federal Congress, removing the mail service from the Atlantic to the Pacific States from the Southern to the Central or Northern route, is another powerful reason for us to ask the Southern Confederate States of America for a continuation of the postal service over the Butterfield or El Paso route, at the earliest period.

RESOLVED, That it shall be the duty of the President of this Convention to order an election for a delegate to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, when he is informed that the States composing said Confederacy have ordered an election for members of Congress.

RESOLVED, That we will not recognize the present Black Republican Administration, and that we will resist any officers appointed to this Territory by said Administration with whatever means in our power.

RESOLVED, That the citizens residing in the western portion of this Territory are invited to join us in this movement.

RESOLVED, That the proceedings of this Convention be published in the Mesilla Times, and that a copy thereof be forwarded to the President of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, with the request that the same be laid before Congress.

 

© Robert Clyde Massey, 2012. All Rights Reserved

Incident at Stanwix Station

Incident at Stanwix Station
Furthest West Armed Action Between the Union and Confederate Armies
by Dr. Robert Massey, Chairman
Sesquicentennial Committee, Arizona Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans

March 30, 1862: Arizona Territory, CSA (80 miles east of Fort Yuma, CA)

On March 30, 1862, a detachment from Company A, Baylor’s Regiment of Arizona Rangers, CSA fired the first shots of the Civil War in what is now The State of Arizona.
The incident took place at Stanwix Station, an abandoned Butterfield Overland stagecoach station located on the road, below a bluff overlooking the Gila River. The Rebels were in the process of burning 30 tons of hay that had been pre-positioned at the station by the Union Army.

The 1st California Cavalry (272 men) arrived at Stanwix on March 29 and set up camp near the station. Pickets were sent out in pairs to protect the camp and warn of any advance of Confederate troops. In the early morning hours of March 30, 1862, a group of Confederate Arizona Rangers surprised two Union pickets and ordered them to surrender or be shot. The soldiers refused to surrender. The Rebels fired several shots, hitting one private in the right shoulder. The wounded man, Pvt. William Semmilrogge (Co. A, 1st Cavalry, CA Volunteers), and his companion fled the scene and ran back to their camp. They reported to their commander, Capt. William Calloway, that they had been shot at by approximately 40 mounted men.

The Confederates, finding themselves facing a much larger force, turned and galloped to the east. Capt. Calloway ordered his Californians to saddle up and give chase. Before they could get mounted, Capt. Nathaniel Pishton’s (or Pishon’s) company of US cavalry arrived in camp. The new arrivals were ordered to give pursuit at once even though the horses and men were tired from a long nights advance. The chase lasted over twenty miles with the Union cavalry breaking off at Oatman Flats as their horses and men were near exhaustion. The Confederates continued their ride back to Tucson and warned their Commander, Capt. Sherod Hunter, of the advance of the Californians.

The skirmish at Stanwix Station was significant for several reasons. It marked the farthest west advance by the Confederate Army; it was the farthest west
armed conflict between the military forces of the Union and the Confederacy during the war; it saw the first shots of the war fired in what is now Arizona; and it was the site of the first combat casualty of the Civil War in what is now Arizona.

© Robert Clyde Massey, 2013 All Rights Reserved
[Permission is granted to reprint for educational / informational purpose]

Don Jolley, artist from Mesa, AZ

Captain Granville Henderson Oury

SCV Camp 1708

Granville Henderson Oury was born in Washington County, Virginia on March 12, 1825. He came to the Arizona Territory in 1856 with his brother William.

Granville was a mine owner, attorney, judge, and businessman.  He was a Territorial Delegate to both the United and Confederate States Congress from the Arizona Territory.

Oury enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861 serving in Captain George Frazier’s Company of Rangers. He regiment was also known as Company B, Herbert’s Battalion, Arizona Calvary.  When Frazier was promoted to Major of the Battalion, Oury was promoted to Captain of Company B.

In July of 1862, all of the Confederate Troops were out of Arizona and serving principally in Texas and Louisiana serving in the Bayou Teche Campaign.  Oury resigned his commission and returned to Arizona,

Upon his return, sometime in 1863 in married his cousin, Malvina, “Minnie”, Sanders.

On February 14, 1864, Oury and thirteen other men met in San Antonio, Texas to plan to retake the Arizona Territory. He took part in the rest of the war in Confederate Government in Exile.

In 1864 and 1865 he also served as a spy in Matamoros, Mexico and later as the Texas Provost Marshall.

At the succession of hostilities in 1865, Oury took the Oath of Allegiance in Tucson.

Oury served in the Arizona Territorial Legislative Council in 1886, 1873, and 1875, even becoming the Speaker of the House.  He was appointed the Attorney General in 1869. Later he was also a delegate to the Democratic Convention in 1884.

Oury died of throat cancer on January 11, 1891 in Florence, Arizona.  He is buried at the old Adamsville Cemetery.