Florida


In God we trust
An estimated 15,000 Floridians fought in the Civil War and almost one-third (5,000 men) was killed on the battlefield. There were two large battles that took place in Florida and both were won by the Confederate troops. On February 20, 1864 the largest Civil War battle occurred near Lake City. It was called the Battle of Olustee. On January 10, 1861, before the start of the Civil War, Florida declared its successions from the Union. Ten days later, the state became a founding member of the Confederate States of America.

Jemimia Hancock

By Shelly Decker

Jemimia Hancock was born in Tattnall County, Georgia on January 17, 1821 to Cadar and Penelope Newman Hancock. They soon moved to the village of Alligator Town, now Lake City Florida. It is interesting to note Cadar’s aunt was Judith Hancock the wife of William Clark, of Louis and Clark fame and the Judith River in Montana is named after her.

In 1837 when Jemima was only 16 she married William H. Brooks, my Great, Great, Grandfather. He was a Third Sergeant in the 1st Florida Reserve, enlisting when he was 54 years of age. He and Jemima had several children together, but were divorced in 1857. And it was under William H. Brooks, I enlisted in the Sons of Confederate Veterans.

On September 24th 1857, she married 24 year old John Parrish of Fernandina, Florida. I do not know when their marriage ended nor whether it was by divorce or upon his death. He enlisted in the 11th Florida Infantry Company I, in May 1863. I haven’t been able to find anymore on him after he joined up.

However, she married again! Her third Confederate Husband was Noah Cason, born 1845 in Columbia County, Florida, who was in the 7th Florida Infantry Company I, and died of the measles in the hospital in Chattanooga in April of 1862 or 1863, two different dates are recorded.

Granny Jemimia died March 30, 1900 in Clay County, Florida and is buried in the Decoy Baptist Cemetery north of Bostwick, Florida.

I have always found it interesting her first husband was 9 years older than she, but her second was 12 years younger, and her third was 24 years younger. She sure must have been some woman.

So often we forget that war was against the entire South, military and civilians alike.

Pvt. James A. Somers

By Kent Worley

Pvt. Somers joined the 10th Infantry Regiment which was assembled in June, 1864. It was formed by consolidating six companies of the 1st and four of the 2nd Florida Infantry Battalions. Some of the men were from Alachua and Putnam counties. Attached to General Finegan’s Brigade, the regiment was active at Cold Harbor, then participated in the long Petersburg siege south of the James River and in the Appomattox Campaign.

It surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia with 18 officers and 154 men.

Its commanders were Colonel Charles F. Hopkins, Lieutenant Colonel William W. Scott, and Major John Westcott.

Pvt. Allen Scott

SCV Camp 1708
Scottsdale, AZ

Pvt. Allen Scott joined the 1st Infantry Regiment, formerly the 1st Florida Infantry Battalion, which was assembled in March, 1861, at Chattahoochee Arsenal. Its members were from the counties of Leon, Alachua, Madison, Jefferson, Jackson, Franklin, Gadsden, and Escambia.

The unit was involved in the conflict on Santa Rosa Island, then fought at Shiloh, Farmington, and Perryville. Later it was placed in General Preston’s, Stovall’s, Finley’s, and J.A. Smith’s Brigade, and in December, 1862, it was united with the 3rd Florida Infantry Regiment. This command fought at Murfreesboro and Jackson, participated in the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee from Chickamauga to Nashville, and was active in North Carolina.

The 1st/3rd lost twenty-six percent of the 531 engaged at Murfreesboro, had thirty-four percent disabled out of the 273 at Chickamauga, and totalled 240 men and 119 arms in December, 1863. Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels J. Patton Anderson and William Miller, Lieutenant Colonels William K. Beard and Thaddeus A. McDonell, and Major Clover A. Ball.

Private Alexander Davis

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale AZ

Private Alexander Davis joined the 10th Infantry Regiment which was assembled in June, 1864. It was formed by consolidating six companies of the 1st and four of the 2nd Florida Infantry Battalions. Some of the men were from Alachua and Putnam counties.

Attached to General Finegan’s Brigade, the regiment was active at Cold Harbor, then participated in the long Petersburg siege south of the James River and in the Appomattox Campaign. It surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia with 18 officers and 154 men.

Its commanders were Colonel Charles F. Hopkins, Lieutenant Colonel William W. Scott, and Major John Westcott.

Pvt. Jessee Crawford

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale AZ

Pvt. Jessee Crawford enlisted in the 9th Infantry Regiment was organized at Hanover Junction, Virginia, in June, 1864, using the 6th Florida Infantry Battalion as its nucleus. Many of its members were from Levy, Hernando, and Marion Counties. Assigned to General Finegan’s Brigade, the unit served with the Army of Northern Virginia at Cold Harbor, then was placed in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River.

It was involved in the Appomattox Campaign and surrendered on April 9, 1865, with 15 officers and 108 men. Colonels John M. Martin and Robert B. Thomas, and Major Pickens B. Bird were in command.