In God we trust
An estimated 15,000 Floridians fought in the Civil War and almost one-third (5,000 men) was killed on the battlefield. There were two large battles that took place in Florida and both were won by the Confederate troops. On February 20, 1864 the largest Civil War battle occurred near Lake City. It was called the Battle of Olustee. On January 10, 1861, before the start of the Civil War, Florida declared its successions from the Union. Ten days later, the state became a founding member of the Confederate States of America.

Pvt. Thomas Abayr

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale AZ

Pvt. Thomas Abayr became part of the 2nd Infantry Regiment as it completed its organization at Jacksonville, Florida, in July, 1861.

Its twelve companies contained men from Escambia, Columbia, Leon, Marion, Jackson, Alachua, St. Johns, Putnam, Hamilton, Nassau, and Madison counties. The regiment was soon ordered to Virginia and in April, 1862, had 530 effectives. It was unattached in the fight at Williamsburg and under the command of General Garland at Seven Pines. Later it was assigned to General Pryor’s, E.A. Perry’s, and Finegan’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia.

The 2nd participated in many conflicts from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor, then was active in the Petersburg siege south of the James River and around Appomattox. This unit was organized with 1,185 officers and men, reported 23 killed and 114 wounded at Gaines’ Mill and Frayser’s Farm, sustained 49 casualties during the Maryland Campaign, and had 3 killed and 29 wounded at Chancellorsville.

At the Battle of Gettysburg it lost forty-two percent of the 242 engaged, and on April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 7 officers and 59 men.

The field officers were Colonels Walter R. Moore, Edward A. Perry, Lewis G. Pyles, and George T. Ward, Lieutenant Colonel S. St. George Rogers, and Major G.W. Call.

Private Jacob Worley

By Kent Worley

Pvt. Jacob Worley joined the 7th Infantry Regiment organized in Gainesville, Florida in April 1862. Its companies were recruited in the counties at Bradford, Hillsborough, Alachua, Manatee, and Marion. During the war it served in R.C. Trigg’s, Finley’s, and J.A. Smith’s Brigade, Army of Tennessee.

The 7th took an active part in the arduous campaigns of the army from Chickamauga to Nashville, then fought ts last battle on Bentonville. It sustained few casualties at Chickamauga and in December, 1863, totaled 279 men and 206 arms. The unit surrendered on April 26, 1865. Its commanders were Colonels Robert Bullock and Madison S. Perry, Lieutenant Colonel Tillman Ingram, and Major Nathan S. Blount.