Louisiana


Union, Justice and Confidence
Louisiana seceded from the Union on January 26, 1862. Louisiana contributed 31 infantry regiments. 9 cavalry regiments and 10 artillary batteries to the Confederate armies, most of which served in the Western Theater.

Private Calvin C. Fussell

By Danella Dickson

Calvin C. Fussell was born on January 9, 1833, Rankin County, Mississippi, the son of John R. and Sarah Corkem Fussell. Calvin was one of seven brothers who served in Louisiana CSA regiments.

Calvin and his brother William enlisted 29 Sep, 1861 at Camp Moore in Company B, 16th Louisiana Infantry under the command of Captain N.S. Edwards. Following enlistment the regiment was sent to New Orleans where they spent the winter at Camp Benjamin. While there Calvin was detached from his regular service to become a teamster, not a cushy job but perfect for a young man raised on a farm. AS a responsible for feeding for the horses, expected not to work them too hard and to know when they needed to break. When the axles need greasing it was Calvin’s responsibility to do so. If the enemy tried to capture the horses it was up to him to out maneuver them. In January 1862, his duties were expanded to include work in the Quarter Master’s department. In February the regiment went to Corinth, Mississippi and in April saw their first action at Shiloh.

Company muster rolls for May & June, 1862 list Calvin as absent, sent home from Durant Hospital, Jackson, Mississippi suffering from debility, or loss of strength. Possibly he was suffering from grief at the loss of his brother William who died of disease April 8th at Corinth.

By November 1962 Calvin had returned to duty as a teamster, a job he continued through October 1863. Regimental records listed Calvin on furlough in Louisiana Feb 9, 1864. By March he had returned to duty as the regiment moved out of Tennessee and into Georgia.

Calvin died July 28, 1864 in the midst of the Atlanta Campaign. His military records state he was killed in action, his burial place is unknown. The 16th Louisiana infantry’s casualties during this campaign were 11 killed, 47 wounded and 5 missing.

Calvin C. Fussell was 31 years old when he died in the service of the Confederacy.

(Courtesy of J.B. & Ramona Roberts)

Corporal Albert G. Fussell

By Danella Dickson

Albert G. Fussell was born on December 12, 1835 in Washington Parish, Louisiana. He was the son of John R. and Sarah Corken Fussell and one of seven brothers who served the Confederacy during the WBTS. Albert enlisted on may 14, 1862 at Franklinton, LA in Company A, 9th Battalion Partisan Rangers. According to military records he was paid a $50.00 bounty at the time of enlistment.

The 9th Battalion Partisan Rangers was organized in May, 1862 at Camp Moore, Louisiana. Company A, 9th Battalion, was made up of men mostly from Washington Parish. The 1862 Partisan ranger Act passed by the Confederate Congress authorized the formation of these units and gave them legitimacy, which place them in a different category than the common “blushwhacker” or “guerrilla”. The assignment was to keep Federal troops out of eastern Louisiana and southern Mississippi. Their effectiveness can only be estimated based on their frequent skirmishes with Federal troops.

Since there was no accounting for Partisan forces they were now seen as a drain of men and equipment needed by regular forces. In early 1863 the Confederate War Department issued orders to disband the partisan units. At this point some men from Company A went home while other joined units defending Port Hudson during the siege of May 23 to July 8, 1863. The siege ended in a Confederate surrender. The men taken prisoner were soon paroled and allowed to return home. Albert is not listed on military records during the time period so we can only speculate on his role in the events.

In September, 1864 Col. James H Wingfiled recognized the 9th Louisiana Battalion and designated them the 3rd Regiment Louisiana Volunteer Cavalry. Through the fall of that year the regiment, under he command of Col. Wingfield, operated in eastern Louisiana and southern Mississippi. They helped oppose an enemy raid on Clinton in October and later skirmished with Federals between Bayou Sara and Woodville, Mississippi. The frequent engagements with the enemy took the regiment to northern Mississippi where most of the regiment remained until the end of the war.

Albert, now promoted to Corporal in Company C, Wingfield’s regiment, was listed on a roll of Prisoners of War who surrendered at Citronelle, Alabama and were paroled at Gainesville, Alabama on may 12, 1865.

Albert married Mary E. Bond on November 5, 1873 in Washington Parish. They were the parents of one daughter, Clotill who was born in 1877. Apparently Albert spent the remainder of his life in Washington Parish working as a farmer. He died there on July 11, 1883. His widow, Mary E. Fussell, filed for a Confederate Widow’s Pension on March 4, 1909 which was granted. The pension application included sworn statements from is old comrades; A.J. Johnson and A.C. Bickman, who remembered Albert as a good soldier who served to the end of the war.

Mary E. Fussell died on August 29, 1931 and was buried beside Albert in the Bond Cemetery, Washington Parish, Louisiana.

(Courtesy of J.B. & Ramona Roberts)

Private Harmon Kinsely Elkins

By Matthew Aparicio

Harmon Kinsely Elkins was born in South Carolina on September 30, 1821. He married Nancy Caroline Campbell and they had five children. Harmon was concerned about the safety of his family and friends and the security of his country. He enlisted for service in the Confederate Army on March 16, 1862, at Monroe, Louisiana and served to the end of the war. He served on the (Hyperlink does not work) under Capt. Sidney H. Griffin.

On July 4, 1863, Pvt. Elkins was captured in the (Hyperlink does not work) Mississippi by Union forces. He was later paroled on July 13, 1863, but not without having to sign a document stating he would not again take up arms against the U.S. However, after he was released he went back to fight for the Confederate cause.

On March 29, 1864, Shreveport, LA., Pvt. Elkins appeared on a list of officers and men in the 31st Reg. Louisiana Inf., who reported in camp for exchange at Vienna, La., before April 1, 1864. On May 26, 1865, Pvt. Elkin’s Regiment commanded by Col. C.H. Morrison surrendered at New Orleans, La., by General E.K. Smith to Maj. Gen. E.R.S. Canby, USA. He was then paroled by Monroe, Louisiana on June 14, 1865. Harmon then returned to his home and family. Harmon died on April 11, 1886 in Bowie County, Texas and is buried in College Hill Cemetery, De Kalb, Texas.