Argiculture and Commerce
Many major Civil War battles were fought in Tennessee, only Virginia saw more battles. The Battle of Shiloh at the time was the deadliest battle in American history. Other large battles in Tennessee included Stones River, Chattanooga, Nashville and Franklin. In the Stones River battle, 13,249 soldiers lost their lives and in the Battle of Shiloh, 13,047 soldiers died. Stones River and Shiloh are two fo the bloodiest 10 battles of the Civil War.

1st Lt. Robert J. Tipton

lttitptongraveBy Curt Tipton

1st Lt. Robert J. Tipton came from a prominent and influential Carter County, Tennessee, family.

An officer in Co B, 19th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, he was tasked to return to Carter County as an enrolling officer. Detailed to assist him was a detachment of Cherokees from the Thomas Legion (Col. William Thomas, commanding). The detachment was comprised of three companies of cavalry under Lt. Tipton’s command.

Lt. Tipton was charged with apprehending two deserters/bushwhackers, George and Godfrey Heatherly. On the night of 28 August, 1863, The Heatherlys and a gang of bushwhackers, pretending to be Confederate soldiers retreating from a battle at Carter’s Depot, came to the Tipton home. They asked Lt. Tipton to take charge of them.

Lt. Tipton’s brother, Eldridge, also home on leave (1st Lt, Co F, 37th Tennessee Infantry Regiment) joined him. Neither officer recognized the Heatherlys and rode with them to a place called “the Glades”. There, they disarmed the two officers and shot Lt. Robert Tipton as Eldridge was forced to watch.

Lt. Robert Tipton is buried in Elizabethton, Tennessee.

Cpl. Thompson Churchill

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale AZ

Thompson Churchill mustered into the 19th (Biffle’s) Cavalry Regiment, usually known as Biffle’s 9th Cavalry, was organized in October, 1862 as a private.

The men were from the counties of Wayne, Lawrence, Maury, Perry, Lewis, and Madison. It served in J.B. Biffle’s and Dibrell’s Brigade, and fought at Parker’s Cross Roads, Thompson’s Station, Brentwood, and Chickamauga. Later it skirmished in Tennessee, then was active in the Atlanta Campaign and Forrest’s operations during Hood’s Campaign. It moved to Mississippi and ended the war in Alabama.

During December, 1862, this regiment contained about 400 effectives and on May 3, 1865, there were 22 officers and 281 men present. It was included in the surrender of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana as part of T.H. Bell’s command.

The field officers were Colonel Jacob B. Biffle, Lieutenant Colonel Albert G. Cooper, and Major Barclay Martin. He mustered out as a Corporal.

Pvt. A.D. Wallace

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale, AZ

Private Alfred Dashiel Wallace was the son of Dr. R. N. Wallace who was born in Kentucky. There is no known information about his mother’s first or maiden name or her vital information.

Alfred Dashiel, who went by A.D. was born in Shelbyville, Indiana in 1841 and died on February 5, 1926. He died in Courtland, Arizona. He was buried in Douglas, Arizona. He was married to Lulu Ward Wallace. His dual occupations were of college professor and farmer. As an adult he was five feet seven inches with fair skin, blue eyes, and had dark hair

During the War Between the States, Private Wallace served in Company B, 1st (Field’s) Tennessee Infantry that in 1865 became part of the 1st Consolidate Regiment of Tennessee Infantry.

Scant information about his regiment exists besides its formation and consolidation. However, Pvt. Wallace became a prisoner of war during some early part of the war and was later paroled in Gainsville, Alabama in May of 1865. He surrendered in Meridian, Mississippi and took the oath of allegiance on June 6, 1865.

Private Runnell A. Huey

By Curt Tipton

Pvt. Runnell A. Huey enlisted in the 19th Tennessee (Biffle’s) Cavalry in Columbia, Tennessee in August, 1862. The 19th Tennessee was part of the Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Cavalry. Runnel took part in Forrest’s campaign in western Tennessee in the winter of 1862-63, including the Battle at Parker’s Croosroad.

He was at Chickamauga and took part in the campaigning following Braxton Bragg’s loss at Chattanooga. General Forrest mounted another raid into western Tennessee that winter and the 19th Tennessee took party. Private Huey also fought at Brice’s Crossroads and at Fort Pillow.

The 19th Tennessee surrendered in May, 1865 in Alabama. After the war, Runnell married Aurella Moomaw and settled on the family farm near Fort Smith, Arkansas. He and Aurella had 13 children. Runnell was active in the United Confederate Veterans Camp in Fort Smith. He died in 1899.

Corporal James Copeland

By Kent Worley

He did not own a plantation. He did not own slaves. He was not wealthy. He was just a simple farmer with a family from Roane County, Tennessee. During the war of northern aggression he saw his county split in half. Half of the men fought for the Union and the other half for the Confederacy. The courthouse, most of the local churches, and many farms were looted and burned.

Choosing sides was a tough decision for him. His family first came to Virginia in 1607, served in the House of Burgess, and helped found North Carolina and Tennessee. His great-grandfather and grandfather served the cause of liberty in the American Revolution and the War of 1812.

But the fight became personal when his church was destroyed and his family threatened. In response, Cpl. James Copeland joined the Confederate Army to fight and defend his homeland. He joined the Tennessee 7th Mounted Infantry. His unit fought at some of the fiercest and bloodiest battles. He served in the Battle of Cold Harbor, Fredericksburg, and lastly at the Siege of Petersburg.

At the conclusion of the war, he was paroled and returned to his farm and family.