VIRGINIA

Sic semper tyrannis
Virginia is nicknamed “The Old Dominion” and sometimes “The Mother of Presidents”, after the eight U.S. Presidents born there. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution and joined the Confederacy in the American Civil War, during which Richmond was made the Confederate Capital. Virginia voted to succeed from the United States on April 17, 1861 after the Battle of Fort Sumter and Abraham Lincoln’s call for volunteers. On April 12th, Virginia joined the Confederate States of America which chose Richmond as its Capital.

Major Robert G. Holloway, Surgeon, CSA

By Dr. Robert C. Massey, SCV Camp 1525, Peoria, AZ

Dr. Robert Green Holloway Jr., was born to Robert Green Holloway and Joanna (Royston) Holloway November 11, 1832 at the Holloway’s Moss Neck estate, Spring Garden, Virginia.

MajorRobertHolloway1Dr. Holloway was educated, as a young man, at Rappahannock Academy and Military Institute, one mile distant from Spring Garden. In 1854-1856 Robert studied medicine at the University of Virginia and the University of Pennsylvania where he graduated with a MD in 1856. His thesis was entitled: Enteric Fever. At the time, Penn was considered to be one of the premier schools of medicine in the United States. Many emerging medical schools, including the University of Virginia, were patterned after the medical program at the University of Pennsylvania. After graduation from the university, Dr. Holloway returned to his home state of Virginia. Upon his arrival at Spring Garden in 1856, he started his practice of medicine.

In 1861, when the War For Southern Independence began; the men of Caroline County and all Northern Virginia were anxious to protect their homes, families, and their State from the coming invasion of troops from the North. Dr. Holloway joined the medical service of the Confederate States Army and was made Examining Surgeon for Caroline County. In 1862, Dr. Holloway left Caroline County. Except for brief visits, he did not return for two years.

Between July, 1861, and January of 1862, the number of hospitals in Richmond doubled. Medical professionals were sought throughout Virginia and the other states in the Confederacy. In January of 1862, Dr. Robert G. Holloway was called to Richmond where he became an Acting Assistant Surgeon and on the staff at Keen Hospital, GH #6. This hospital was located on the north side Main Street near its intersection with Governor, between 13th and 14th Streets. This was one block from the capital building and next to the Navy “Marine” Hospital. There were 21 hospitals on Main Street.

On January 10, 1863, Dr. Robert Holloway was promoted from Acting Assistant Surgeon, a civilian contract position, to Captain and Assistant Surgeon, PACS.* This promotion was made retroactive to January of 1862. He was also transferred from Richmond’s General Hospital #6 to Montgomery White Sulfur Springs. The Springs was a very large resort that had been turned into a hospital.  Located in Montgomery county near Blacksburg, VA, it had a capacity of 1,000 beds. While serving in this new assignment, Dr. Holloway was under the command of  J. Lewis Woodville, Surgeon-in-Charge.

The letter in the above photo was written by Dr. Holloway on April 5th, 1865, just four days before Gen. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House. The letter was to his fiancé, who was also his cousin, by marriage. Below is the text of the letter appearing above.

The letter in the above photo (click for larger view) was written by Dr. Holloway on April 5th, 1865, just four days before Gen. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House. The letter was to his fiancé, who was also his cousin, by marriage. Below is the text of the letter appearing above.

On November 20, 1863, Dr. Holloway was ordered to report to Chattanooga , TN to be assigned to duty with the Army of Tennessee. By the fall of 1863, as Confederate casualties began to rise in the West, few trained medical doctors were available. Dr. Holloway’s transfer to the Army of Tennessee reflects this shortage.

Dr. Holloway was not able to leave for Chattanooga until January 6, 1864. He had to travel on horseback from Spring Garden, in Northern VA and did not arrive until January 13, 1864. Upon arrival near Dalton, GA he was attached to the 30th Alabama Infantry with the continuing rank of Captain. He was assigned as an Assistant Surgeon. Dr. Holloway remained with the Alabama troops through the bloody battles against Gen. Sherman for Atlanta and the retreat afterward. He remained with the 30th Alabama Inf. until it departed from GA to march to Nashville on Oct. 5, 1864. On that same day, Dr. Holloway was transferred back to the Army of Northern Virginia and into the 38th GA Infantry as an Assistant Surgeon. He remained in the 38th until the end. He was promoted to Major/Surgeon on April 1, 1865 was paroled in Bowling Green, Caroline Co., Va in May 1865.

Dr. Robert inherited Spring Garden upon his mother’s death in 1872. He and his family lived there until 1879 when the doctor sold his birthplace and moved his family to Ridgeway near Lent, VA, not far from Spring Garden. Ridgeway was originally known as Locust Grove. Upon purchasing the estate after the death of Richard Collawn, father-in-Law of his late sister, Susan Holloway Collawn, Dr. Holloway changed its name to Ridgeway.

Dr. Holloway and Eliza “Lillie” Spindle Amiss were married in Dec. of 1865. Dr. Holloway practiced medicine until his death in 1919. Lillie died in 1928. Both Ridgeway and Spring Garden are now gone and the land is part of US Army Fort AP Hill.

*Provisional Army of the Confederate States   (The official name for the Confederate Army)

 

(Letter Text)

To Cousin Lilie

The time has come for our separation.  Deeply do I regret that this civil war precipitates it.  Our associations have been of the most pleasant character. Often while in camp or amidst the turbulent and tempestuous storm of battle will my thoughts revert to the happy moments spent with you.  Moments which will ever occupy a permanent position in the tablets of my memory.  May the chill breath of life’s ills and accidents never blight the sweet flowers of hope and promise which now bloom so beautifully in your own pure heart is the wish of your cousin.

B

Spring Garden
April 5th 1865

Pvt. Richard Knight

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale, AZ

Pvt. Richard Knight became part of the13th Infantry Regiment when it completed its organization during the summer of 1861 with men from Winchester and Culpeper, Orange, Louisa, and Hampshire counties.

After fighting at First Manassas and in Jackson’s Valley Campaign, it served in General Early’s, W.Smith’s, Pegram’s, and J.A. Walker’s Brigade. The 13th was prominent in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days’ Battles to Cold Harbor, then it moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley and later was involved in the Appomattox operations. It reported 16 casualties at Cross Keys and Port Republic, 111 at Gaines’ Mill, 34 at Cedar Mountain, 46 at Second Manassas, 22 at Fredericksburg, and 36 at Chancellorsville.

During the Gettysburg Campaign it was left at Winchester as provost guard. The unit sustained heavy losses at Cedar Creek and surrendered with 10 officers and 52 men.

Its commanders were Colonels George A. Goodman, Ambrose P. Hill, James B. Terrill, and James A. Walker; and Majors Charles T. Crittenden and John B. Sherrard.

Pvt. Allen H. Brown

By SCV Camp 1708, Scottsdale AZ

Pvt. Allen H. Brown mustered into the 20th Infantry Regiment that was assembled in July, 1861, with men from Richmond and the counties of Lunenburg, Powhatan, Buckingham, Prince Edward, Halifax, and Brunswick.

Two companies were captured in the fight at Rich Mountain and in September five companies were disbanded. An unsuccessful attempt was made to reorganize, and later the two companies were assigned to the 59th Virginia Regiment. Lieutenant Colonels James R. Crenshaw, John Pegram, and Nathaniel Tyler were in command.

Private Thoms McClure Gibson

By Theodore Gibson

Private Thomas McClure Gibson was born on September 25, 1824. He fought with Company D, 26th Battalion, Virginia Infantry during the Civil War. The Company was commanded by Col. George M. Edgar.

Private Thomas M. Gibson fought in what was described as one of the most desperate fights of the Civil War; the Battle of White Sulpher Springs. The purpose of the battle was to protect the line of transportation and communication between Virginia and Tennessee, and the country to the West.

Private Thomas McClure Gibson was married to Nancy Susan Young. Private Gibson died on November 15, 1908.

Private Osgood Knox Jones

by Curt Tipton

Private Osgood Knox Jones, known as “O.K.”, enlisted in the 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment in march, 1864 at age 19. The 15th Virginia Cavalry was assigned to Fitzhugh Lee’s Division, Stuart’s Cavalry Corps.

O.K. fought in the Battle of the Wilderness, the Defense of Richmond and the Battle of Yellow Tavern where General JEB Stuart was mortally wounded.

He took part in General Jubal Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign and was wounded during a skirmish with Custer’s Michigan Cavalry there. The 15th Virginia was consolidated with the 5th Virginia near the end of Early’s campaign. The Regiment moved to Lynchburg and disbanded there in April 1865.

After the war, O.K. married and moved to California. He operated a successful freight hauling business in Fresno. He died in 1912. During the war, O.K. kept a journal of his experiences. The original is in the library at the University of of California-Davis. A copy is in the library of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia. A novel based on the journal, Been In Two Fights, is available.

Contact the author of this article for information.